.................                                                 MY NEW BOOK!










 








  




Please take advantage of Amazon's "Look Inside" function, which allows you                      to review my e-Book into the beginning section of Chapter 3.


Cover by ERIC LABACZ


   Suicide has historically been a taboo subject to talk about for a variety of reasons. If someone suspects a friend or family member might be suicidal, it might not be mentioned because it could implant the idea into that person's head. Not so, that idea has more than likely been thought of already, perhaps for a long time. Instead, mentioning it might show that other people really do care. Perhaps when a person dies by suicide, family members will never speak of it because they think this might expose themselves as being unstable and also prone to suicide. Mostly not, but occasionally a family will indeed be susceptible to suicide, such as the Hemingway family. Perhaps a family might be struck with a particular disease.

   Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders can be exceedingly difficult to a family struck by such mental disorders. Depression is a terrible disease that increases the chance of suicide. How many "witches" and "warlocks" were murdered in the past because of mental illness. Physical trauma caused by war, accidents or repeated head injuries such as received playing contact sports, or mental trauma caused by observing horrible events such as seen by soldiers, policemen and firemen, can play on any previously healthy mind, turning it suicidal. Perhaps life events that normally occur such as love troubles, unemployment, death of (a) loved one(s), whether human or animal, a fall from grace, and numerous other events, can play on a person's mind, turning it suicidal. However, most people going through such events do not become suicidal. The primary question that emerges in most every case of suicide is WHY?!, a question almost never answered to anybody's satisfaction, if at all. This book is an attempt at trying to answer this difficult question, leading to the major objective of SUICIDE PREVENTION.

   Gathering information on past United States suicides will increase the knowledge of the subject. Professionals will have more data at their disposal to work with and analyze, allowing deeper investigation. No suicides after 1940 are mentioned, matching the method used by the United States as shown by the census in protecting the privacy of anybody living. A secondary objective of this book is genealogy. Perhaps a family's "missing" ancestor who has remained hidden for decades if not centuries will be revealed, possibly "missing" because of the stigma of suicide.



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                        "WHY SUICIDE" ADVERTISED IN AMERICAN ANCESTORS 

                                          VOL 18. N0.4, P 66, WINTER, 2018

                                             FAMILY FOCUS, OTHER BOOKS

                                 New England Historic Genealogical Society


                          "WHY SUICIDE" ADVERTISED IN KEAN UNIVERSITY

                              QUARTERLY MAGAZINE, VOL  14, ISSUE 2, SPRING 2018


​                                                MORE ABOUT "WHY SUICIDE"


My 747-page e-book is divided into 10 sections, Dedication, Preface, Introduction, Abbreviations, Chapters, Appendix, Glossary, Bibliography, Index and About The Author. 


I dedicated my e-book to suicide survivors, survivors meaning not those who attempted suicide but failed, but those who a successful suicide left behind. Also, to those warriors dedicated to suicide prevention.


My e-book is different than other books in that it does not attempt to explain theories and reasoning as to why people attempt to kill themselves, or are successful doing it. There are no charts and grafts highlighting what month, or what age group, has the greatest amount of suicides. My e-book lists thousands of people who have completed suicide, when and where, how if exactly known, what possibly made them do it, also if known, and any note they might have left behind. For the genealogical part of my e-book, I have included parents, other relatives, and their origin, again if known. With these thousands of names, researchers can extract any particular information for the research projects they are doing, or wish to do. Perhaps a researcher might be interested in murder/suicide. Does suicide hit some families over generations? Did people remain near or in their home town, or did they travel to a location with a particularly famous suicide reputation, such as New York's George Washington Bridge or California's Golden Gate Bridge, to die. Some professionals today have started wearing two hats, one for suicide research and the other for investigating alcohol/drug deaths. I have brought in the latter category as accidental suicides to provide those researchers with more data. Since this is an e-book about people, I start off by asking, do you recognize some of these names:


Who are Dine, Dorothy May, Eleazer Adams, Erasmus B. Dennison, Andrew Keyhoe, H. Schwartz?
Who are Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, Justus Levitt, Horace Wells, John Beers, A. M. Hayden, Anson Jones, John Milton, Charles T. Perry, Richard ____, William Vanstavoren, Frederick Krouse, Daniel E. Kelley?

Who are Hazel Farris, Harold B. Wobber, George Washington Adams, Henry T. Paige Comstock, James Hemings,  Celia Ann Blaylock, Charles Avery Bradford, George Eastman, William J. Lemp, David Willock Wallace, Edward Irving Edwards, Millicent Lillian Entwistle, Albert Russell Erskine, August Anheuser Busch?


A reader of my e-book will find out who these people are. Readers will most likely be very surprised about others who committed suicide. What a reader might want to know, is there anybody in this book with my name??


The Introduction states how the information is presented. My e-book presents suicides that occurred in, or what would be, the United States of America, beginning with as far back in time that information can be discovered, and stopping with the year 1940, as does the USA Census, for privacy. I have divided years into groups. Chapter 1 contains the years Before 1825; Chapter 2, 1825-1849; Chapter 3, 1850-1874; Chapter 4, 1875-1899; Chapter 5, 1900-1924; Chapter 6, 1925-1940. The information about each person is given in four columns.

   The person's name is in the first column. The second column has the year and place of birth, if given or able to be estimated, followed by the year and place of death. The third column gives the method of suicide, such as shooting, hanging, drowning, drugs, poison, alcoholism. If a murder occurred with the killer committing suicide afterwards, m/s is used. If the exact method is not known, c/s, committed/completed suicide, is used. ac/s is used for accidental suicide, ps/s for possible suicide, pr/s for probable suicide. The fourth column has a suggested or given reason for the act. A Remarks column follows giving the actual date of death, location, and other information such as place of birth, occupation, names of parents, and anything else deemed important. With thousands of people listed in my e-book, the size of it would be exceedingly large, so I have used abbreviations extensively.

   The abbreviations range from the common and most likely understood by sight, such as bfr for before, ovr for over, and tdy for today. Other abbreviation categories list cities such as PHL for Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, CHI for Chicago, Cook County, Illinois, and OKC for Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, Oklahoma; counties, such as Burlco for Burlington County, New Jersey; and standard abbreviations for states such as PA for Pennsylvania, IL for Illinois and OK for Oklahoma. TX would be the State of Texas, but Rep of TX would stand for the Republic of Texas, an independent country at that particular time. A person might have been born in another country, but died in the USA, so that country is abbreviated, such as FR for France, EN for England, CH for China. Other USA standard abbreviations are used, such as direction-N for North, days of the week-Mon for Monday, months of the year-Jan for January. Military abbreviation are given, such as Pvt-Private, RW-Revolutionary War, and religious abbreviations, such as RC for Roman Catholic. Here are excerpts from each chapter showing how they appear in my e-book abbreviated, followed by how they would appear with no abbreviations.


                                                                EXCERPTS


From Chapter 1: Before 1825, with abbreviations

 
Column 1: Joyce, Thomas

Column 2: 1678-MA/1743-MA

Column 3: c/s

Column 4: melancholy

Remarks: d Apr 20, Yarmouth, BarnCo; yeoman, one of the wealthiest men on Cape Cod “came to an untimely death”; b Jun 3, Yarmouth, s/o Hosea & Elizabeth (Chipman) [The Mayflower Quarterly: Vol 64, No 3, p 235]


without abbreviations: Thomas Joyce, born June 3, 1678 in Yarmouth, Plymouth Colony, died April 2o, 1743, in Yarmouth, Barnstable County, Massachusetts Bay Colony. He committed suicide, method unknown, reason thought to be melancholy. He was a yeoman and one of the wealthiest men on Cape Cod but "came to an untimely death." His father was Hosea Joyce and his mother was Elizabeth Joyce, maiden name Chipman. [reference given]


​From Chapter 2: 1825-1849, with abbreviations

Column 1: Woodworth, Ransom

Column 2: 1797/1828-NY

Column 3: c/s

Column 4: blank (no reason given) 

Remarks: d Oct 17, ae 31/3/-, Royalston, Niagara Co; bought land Wrn NY Mar 24, 1825, w Diana d Jul 4, 1827, ae 29/2/-, infant dau d Jul 25, 1827, ae 3 wks; bur Mountain Ridge Cem, Royalston Center [CC]


without abbreviations: Ransom Woodworth was born about the year 1797, place of birth unknown, committed suicide, method unknown, October 17, 1828, in Royalston, Niagara County, New York, at the age of 31 years and 3 months. He had bought land in Western New York on March 24, 1825. His wife was Diana, who died July 4, 1827, at the age of 29 years and 2 months. They had an infant daughter who died July 25, 1827, 3 weeks old. They are buried in the Mountain Ridge Cemetery, Royalston Center [reference given]. Note: This family has not yet been placed in any Woodworth Genealogy source. There is no reason given for Ransom's suicide, but it is not hard to imagine it might be related to the death of his wife and newborn daughter. 


From Chapter 3: 1850-1874, with abbreviations


Column 1: Abell, William

Column 2: 1823/1868-CA

Column 3: cutting

Column 4: on trial  
Remarks: Apr, on trial for charges against 11 y/o girl; slit throat at SF PO Crt with smuggled-in razor; Amer of Portland, OR, w to arrive; no ch of his own [ref-SDB]


without abbreviations: William Abell was born about 1823, place unknown, and died in April, 1868, in a San Francisco Police Court in California. He slit his throat with a smuggled-in razor while on trial for charges against an 11 year old girl He was a married American man, his wife (now widow) due to arrive, from Portland, Oregon. He had no children of his own. [reference given]


From Chapter 4: 1875-1899, with abbreviations


​Column 1: Bush, Lionell A.

Column 2: 1874-PA/1898-WA

Column 3: drugs

Column 4: alc

Remarks: d Dec 10; slave to morph last 3 yrs, frmr res McKean Co attended Keeler cure in Portland, OR, thought cured, went to WA on biz, went drinking in a saloon, took morph, suic; mom d 1876, dad d 1880 [MCK]


without abbreviations: Lionell A. Bush was born about 1874 in Pennsylvania, formerly residing in McKean County, and died December 10, 1898, in Washington State. He was a slave to morphine during the last 3 years of his life and attended a Keeler cure in Portland, Oregon. He thought he was cured. In Washington on business, he went drinking in a saloon, took morphine, then committed suicide. His mother died in 1876, his father in 1880. [reference given]


From Chapter 5: 1900-1924, with abbreviations


​Column 1: Kern, Edward

Column 2: 1860-IA/1912-TX

Column 3: shooting

Column 4: alcic

Remarks: d Apr 20, gnsht, hd, rev that friends gave him in LOS, maid found him in htl rm bathtub, El Paso, El Paso Co; sol in U.S. war against Geronimo, pol, PO Chief; b 1860 on Norwalk, Warren Co, IA, farm; funeral LOS [W]


without abbreviations: Edward Kern was born about 1860 on a farm in Norwalk, Warren County, Iowa and died April 20, 1912. A maid found him dead in a hotel bathtub in El Paso, El Paso County, Texas, he had shot himself in the head with a revolver that friends had given him in Los Angeles, California. He was a soldier in the USA war against the Indian Geronimo. He was also a politician and a police chief. Kern's funeral was in Los Angeles. [reference given]


From Chapter 6: 1925-1940, with abbreviations


Column 1: Kuhrs, Adolph Hermann Josef

Column 2: 1847-PR/1929-VA

Column 3: jumping

Column 4: blank (no reason given)

Remarks: d Jun 5, fm wnd of Cavalier Htl, Virginia Beach; undocumented stowaway imm to USA 1868, now Adolf Herman Joseph Coors Sr, founded Adolph Coors Golden Brewery, Golden, Jefferson Co, CO 1873 [W]


without abbreviations: Adolph Hermann Josef Kuhrs was born about 1847 in Prussia and died June 5, 1929, after jumping from the window of the Cavalier Hotel in Virginia Beach, Virginia. He was an undocumented stowaway, entering the USA in 1868. He became known as Adolf Herman Joseph Coors, Junior, who founded the Adolph Coors Golden Brewery in Golden, Jefferson County, Colorado in 1873. [reference given]


Chapter 7, the last chapter, has only 3 columns, since a lot of the usual information given for the previous chapters are not given or known. All events from 1940 and back can be listed in this chapter.


From Chapter 7: suicide attempts, or date of death not known, with abbreviations


Column 1: Metzgar, ____

Column 2: hanging

Column 3: Remarks: d abt 1877-78, 4-5 yrs bfr neph Norman Metzgar hung self Oct 13, 1882, NY [COD]


without abbreviations:  Metzgar, first name unknown, hung himself about 1877-78, 4-5 years before his nephew Norman Metzgar hung himself on October 13, 1882, in New York [reference given]


                                                             APPENDIX A-F


   I got interested in suicides a few years after volunteering for the hot line of Contact of Burlington County. Many customers calling into the phone room used terminology about the treatment they were getting for their particular disorders, and of which I was not familiar with. I then decided to take psychology courses from my community college, and studied Introduction to Psychology and Abnormal Psychology. These two courses were extremely helpful for the phone room and useful for what is in this Appendix section. The various Appendix sections range from a brief description of what a volunteer's shift in the phone room might be like, how information about suicides can be suddenly revealed in passing conversations in the most unlikely places, and a plea from a past Contact president as to why don't suicidal people call us, we can save them! Anxiety and Depression are discussed. Readers might not recognize the names of some of the poisons and drugs used, since they are not produced or sold to the general populace anymore, so definitions are given, and with everything listed here used by one or more persons. Some readers might not be familiar with older past first names, especially good to know for those interested for genealogical purposes, so an interesting article on how names change with time is included, this article being published in 1917, one hundred years ago! (Perhaps a reporter somewhere is doing a similar article in  this year of 2017?). A deeper tragedy can be hiding in plain sight, only to be revealed with further investigation. One such example is the death of a man being listed as a suicide, tragic enough, but with an investigation conducted for genealogical purposes revealing a much greater tragedy, c/s having to be changed to m/s.


   Readers might not be familiar with terminology associated with mental illnesses. I have included definitions of many of these illnesses in the Glossary. The Bibliography explains what the references in the text refer to, most accompanied with links. The Index is an all-name hyper linked index. Clicking on a hyper linked name takes you to the exact place where that person is located in the text. My e-book ends with a brief About The Author discussion.


                                                           PLANS FOR THE FUTURE

                                             (Health-wise or Other-wise permitted)


I have started Volume II of "Why Suicides...". I plan on having this e-book finished by the end of 2018/beginning of 2019. It will be in the exact same format as my first e-book, which would now be known as Volume I.



                               MEDICINAL CONNECTION TO SUICIDES?


   FDA approved medication has saved an uncountable number of lives. Unfortunately, some listed side effects of some of these drugs are frightening (especially that particular one about death). Certain drugs do carry warnings that they could also cause suicidal thoughts OR ACTIONS (ACTIONS, if completed, being another term for DEATH.) This problem must be addressed when the object of concerned people is SUICIDE PREVENTION. Past drugs such as heroin, cocaine, morphine and others, were once hailed as cure-all, miracle drugs, or any other such optimistic term, and even given to children. We now know how that worked out! Check out their history on Wikipedia. I'm sure there were no Black Box warnings on the bottle stating suicidal thoughts or actions might be a side effect. In the field of suicide prevention, "one suicide is too many!" This principle has been adopted by segments of the medical community and is called Zero Suicides (Link 1). On this section of my web site, I will discuss some of the medications, when found, where a chance of suicide, no matter how small, is mentioned as possible. Remember, being optimistic, more good than harm can occur with these medications, but people already having suicidal ideation should be very careful.


[To report negative side effects of drugs to the FDA, visit www.fda.gov/medwatch or call

1-800-FDA-1088].


                                                                       LYRICA


I have come across a medication called LYRICA (Link 2). Advertisements carry the following warnings:


Prescription LYRICA is not for everyone. Also, Important Safety Information About LYRICA, like other antiepileptic drugs, LYRICA may cause suicidal thoughts or actions in a very small number of people, about 1 in 500. Patients, family members or caregivers should call their doctor right away if they notice suicidal thoughts or actions, thoughts of self harm, or any unusual changes in mood or behavior. These changes may include new or worsening depression, anxiety, restlessness, trouble sleeping, panic attacks, anger, irritability, agitation, aggression, dangerous impulses or violence, or extreme increases in activity or talking. If you have suicidal thoughts or actions, do not stop LYRICA without first talking to your doctor. Also, Before Starting LYRICA, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions, including if you have had depression, mood problems or suicidal thoughts or behavior.

   The company graciously provides guidance on the very small amount of people affected with suicidal thoughts or actions,"1" in 500. Following through with a little math, being pessimistic and using that "1" as a completed suicide:


"1" suicide in 500 people taking the medication

10 suicides in 5,000 people

100 suicides in 50,000 people

1,000 suicides in 500,000 people


Since an "average" rate is about 10-15 suicides per 100,000 people, and the above gives about 200, assuming that "1" in 500 is a completed suicide is much too high. However, whatever any completed suicide figure happens to be, in the context of "Zero Suicide." it is still far too high.


                                                                             REXULTI


. I have come across a medication called REXULTI (Link 3). The wiki discussion mentions it is a replacement for Abilify. Advertisements carry the following warnings:


REXULTI MAY CAUSE SERIOUS SIDE EFFECTS, INCLUDING RISK OF SUICIDAL THOUGHTS OR ACTIONS. Antidepressant medicines, depression and other serious mental illness may cause suicidal thoughts or actions. REXULTI is not approved for the treatment of people younger than 18 years of age.

   . Antidepressant medicines may increase suicidal thoughts or action in some children, teenagers, or younger adults within the first few months of treatment.

     . Depression and other serious mental illnesses are the most important causes of suicidal thoughts or actions. Some people may have a particularly high risk of having suicidal thoughts or actions. These include people who have (or have a family history of) bipolar illness (also called manic-depressive illness) or suicidal thoughts or actions.


How can I watch for and try to prevent suicidal thoughts and actions in myself or a family member?

            Pay close attention to any changes, especially sudden changes, in mood, behaviors, thoughts, or feeling. This is very important when an antidepressant medicine is started or when the dose is changed.

           Call the healthcare provider right away to report new or sudden changes in mood, behavior, thoughts, or feelings.

                    Keep all follow-up visits with the healthcare provider as scheduled. Call the healthcare provider between visits as needed, especially if you have concerns about symptoms.


Call a healthcare provider right away if you or your family member has any of the following symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you:

        Thoughts about suicide or dying, attempts to commit suicide, new or worsening depression, new or worsening anxiety, feeling very agitated or restless, acting on dangerous impulses, panic attacks, trouble sleeping (insomnia), new or worsening irritability, acting aggressive, being angry or violent, an extreme increase in activity or talking (mania), or other unusual changes in behavior or mood.


                                                                                   LATUDA


. I have come across a medication called LATUDA (Link 4). Serious side effects may happen when you take LATUDA including:


Increased risk of suicidal thoughts or actions (antidepressant medicines, depression and other serious mental illnesses, and suicidal thoughts or actions):


 Antidepressant medicines may increase suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, teenagers, and young adults within the first few months of treatment. Depression and other serious mental illnesses are the most important causes of suicidal thoughts and actions. Some people may have a particularly high risk of having suicidal thoughts or actions. These include people who have (or have a family history of) depression, bipolar illness (also called manic-depressive illness), or suicidal thoughts or actions.


How can I watch for and try to prevent suicidal thoughts and actions in myself or a family member?


   Pay close attention to any changes, especially sudden changes, in mood, behaviors, thoughts, or feelings. This is very important when an antidepressant medicine is started or when the dose is changed.

   Call the healthcare provider right away to report new or sudden changes in mood, behavior, thoughts, or feelings.

  Keep all follow-up visits with the healthcare provider as scheduled. Call the healthcare provider between visits as needed, especially if you have concerns about symptoms.


Call a healthcare provider right away if you or your family member has any of the following symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you.


    Thoughts about suicide or dying, attempts to commit suicide, new or worse depression; new or worse anxiety; feeling very agitated or restless; panic attacks; trouble sleeping (insomnia); new or worse irritability; acting aggressive; being angry or violent; acting on dangerous impulses; an extreme increase in activity and talking (mania); and other unusual changes in behavior or mood.


                                                                               OTEZLA


. I have come across a medication called OTEZLA (Link 5).


Otezla is associated with an increase in adverse reactions of depression.


  In clinical studies, some patients reported depression and suicidal behavior while taking Otezla. Some patients stopped taking Otezla due to depression. Before starting Otezla, tell your doctor if you have had feelings of depression, suicidal thoughts, or suicidal behavior. Be sure to tell your doctor if any of these symptoms or other mood changes develop or worsen during treatment with Otezla.


What is the most important information I should know about Otezla? Otezla may cause serious side effects. 


    Depression was reported by some patients taking Otezla. Before taking Otezla, tell your doctor if you have had feelings of depression, suicidal thoughts, or suicidal behavior. You, your caregivers, and family members should be alert for the development or worsening of depression, suicidal thoughts, or other mood changes. If such changes occur, contact your doctor. Your doctor will determine whether you should continue taking Otezla.


                                                                              CHANTIX


. I have come across a medication called CHANTIX (Link 6), a medication to help you stop smoking. 


When you try to quit smoking with or without Chantix, you may have symptoms that may be due to nicotine withdrawal.


      Some people have even experienced suicidal thoughts when trying to quit smoking without medication. Sometimes quitting smoking can lead to worsening of mental health problems that you already have, such as depression.


How might I feel when quitting smoking with Chantix?


      Some people have new or worse mental health problems such as changes in behavior or thinking, aggression, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, or suicidal thoughts or actions while taking or after stopping Chantix. These problems happened more often in people who had a history of mental health problems. Stop taking Chantix, and call your healthcare provider right away, if you, your family, or caregiver notice any of these symptoms. Before taking Chantix, tell your healthcare provider if you ever had depression or any other mental health problems.


                                                                             TRITELLIX


. I have come across a medication called TRITELLIX (Link 7), a major prescription medicine used to treat major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults.


What is the most important information I should know about Tritellix?


Tritellix and other antidepressant medicines may cause serious side effects.


    Antidepressant medicines may increase suicidal thoughts or actions in some children, teenagers, or young adults within the first few months of treatment. Trintellix has not been evaluated for use in patients under 18.

     Depression or other serious illnesses are the most important cases of suicidal thoughts or actions. Some people may have a particularly high risk of having suicidal thoughts or actions. These include people who have (or have a family history of) bipolar illness (also called manic-depressive illness) or suicidal thoughts or actions.


How can I watch for and try to prevent suicidal thoughts and actions?


      Pay close attention to any changes, especially sudden changes in mood, behavior, thoughts, or feelings. This is very important when an antidepressant medicine is started or when the dose is changed.

      Call your healthcare provider right away to report new or sudden changes in mood, behavior, thoughts, or feelings.

    Keep all follow-up visits with your healthcare provider as scheduled. Call your healthcare provider between visits as needed, especially if you have concerns about symptoms.


Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of the following symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you:


attempts to commit suicide / acting on dangerous impulses / acting aggressive, being angry or violent / thoughts about suicide or dying / new or worse depression / new or worse anxiety / feeling agitated, restless, angry or irritable / trouble sleeping / an extreme increase in activity or talking (mania) / other unusual changes in behavior or mood / new or worse irritability.


                                                                                  CONTRAVE


. I have come across a medication called CONTRAVE (Link 8), a major prescription medicine used to treat adults for obesity and overweight.


Important safety information:


One of the ingredients in Contrave, bupropion, may increase the risk of suicidal thinking in children, adolescents, and young adults. Contrave patients should be monitored for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. In patients taking bupropion for smoking cessation, serious neuropsychiatric events have been reported. Contrave is not approved for children under 18.


What is the most important information I should know about CONTRAVE?


Contrave can cause serious side effects, including:


   Suicidal thoughts or actions. Contrave contains bupropion, which has caused some people to have suicidal thoughts or actions, or unusual changes in behavior, especially within the first few months of treatment.


Do not take any other medicines while you are taking Contrave unless your healthcare provider says it is okay.


Stop taking Contrave and call a healthcare provider right away if you, or your family member, have any of the following symptoms, especially if they are new, worse, or worry you:


   Thoughts about suicide or dying, or attempts to commit suicide / acting aggressive, being angry, or getting violent / new or worse depression / acting on dangerous impulses / new or worse anxiety or irritability / an extreme increase in activity and talking (mania) / feeling very agitated or restless / panic attacks / other unusual changes in behavior or mood / trouble sleeping (insomnia).


What should I tell my healthcare provider before starting treatment with Contrave? 


Before you take Contrave, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you have or have had depression or other mental illnesses / have attempted suicide / have or have had seizures or a head injury / have had a tumor or infection of your brain or spine / have had a problem with low blood sugar or low levels of sodium in your blood / have or have had a heart attack, heart problems, or stroke / have or have had liver or kidney problems / are diabetic taking insulin or other medicines to control your blood sugar / have or have had an eating disorder; abuse prescription medicines or street drugs / are over the age of 65 / or are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed.


                                                                                   PAXIL


. I have come across a medication called PAXIL (Link 9), prescribed for the treatment of depression. I have not yet seen any Paxil advertisements, which would discuss the side-effects of suicidal thoughts or actions, but links given on wikipedia have in-depth  discussions about this. 


FROM WIKI: "Like other antidepressants, paroxetine may increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behaviour in children and adolescents. The FDA conducted a statistical analysis of paroxetine clinical trials in children and adolescents in 2004 and found an increase in suicidality and ideation as compared to placebo, which was observed in trials for both depression and anxiety disorders. In 2015 a paper published in The BMJ that reanalysed the original case notes argued that in Study 329, assessing paroxetine and imipramine against placebo in adolescents with depression, the incidence of suicidal behavior had been under-reported and the efficacy exaggerated for paroxetine." Study 329 mentions 450 suicides financially compensated.


                                                                                        PROZAC


. I have come across a medication called PROZAC (Link 10), prescribed for the treatment of depression. I have not yet seen any Prozac advertisements, which would discuss the side-effects of suicidal thoughts or actions, but the following links provide this information.


​                                                                               Psychiatric

Antidepressants may have a role in inducing worsening of depression and the emergence of suicidality in certain patients during the early phases of treatment. An increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults (aged 18 to 24 years) with major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders has been reported with short-term use of antidepressant drugs.

Adult and pediatric patients receiving antidepressants for MDD, as well as for psychiatric and nonpsychiatric indications, have reported symptoms that may be precursors to emerging suicidality, including anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia, hypomania, and mania. Causality has not been established.[Ref]

Very common (10% or more): Insomnia (up to 33%), anxiety (up to 15%), nervousness (up to 14%)
Common (1% to 10%): Abnormal dreams, agitation, disturbance in attention, emotional lability, hostility, hypomania, mania, personality disorder, restlessness, sleep disorder, tension, thinking abnormal
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Akathisia, apathy, bruxism, depersonalization, elevated mood, euphoria, intentional overdose, manic reaction, neurosis, paranoid reaction, psychomotor hyperactivity, psychosis, suicidal thoughts and behavior, suicide attempt
Rare (less than 0.1%): Aggression, antisocial reaction, delusions, dysphemia, hallucinations, panic attacks
Frequency not reported: Activation syndrome, anger, complete suicide, depression, depression suicidal, early morning awakening, initial insomnia, intense dreams, intentional self-injury, mental status changes, middle insomnia, morbid thoughts, nightmares, self-injurious ideation and behavior, sleep disturbances, suicidal ideation
Post-marketing reports: Confusion, discontinuation/withdrawal symptoms, irritability, violent behaviors.


                                                                                      CELEXA


. I have come across a medication called CELEXA (Link 11), prescribed for the treatment of depression. I have not come across any magazine article of advertisement yet. From drugs.com: 


​Some young people have thoughts about suicide when first taking an antidepressant. Your doctor should check your progress at regular visits. Your family or other caregivers should also be alert to changes in your mood or symptoms.


                                                                     CELEXA SIDE EFFECTS

Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor, such as: mood or behavior changes, anxiety, panic attacks, trouble sleeping, or if you feel impulsive, irritable, agitated, hostile, aggressive, restless, hyperactive (mentally or physically), more depressed, or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.


                                                                                  BELSOMRA


. I have come across a medication called BELSOMRA (Link 12), a prescription medicine for adults who have trouble falling or staying asleep (insomnia).


What should I tell my doctor before taking Belsomra? Before taking Belsomra, tell your doctor about all of your medical conditions, including if you have a history of depression, mental illness, or suicidal thoughts.


What are the possible side effects of Belsomra? Abnormal thoughts and behavior. 

Symptoms include more outgoing or aggressive behavior than normal, confusion, agitation, hallucinations, worsening of depression and suicidal thoughts and actions.


                                                                              SINGULAR


. I have come across a medication called SINGULAR (Link 13), a medicine used as a treatment for asthma. A rare but serious adverse side effect listed for this drug is severe behavioral change (including suicidal thoughts).


FDA Investigation:


March, 2008, investigation began to investigate if mood changes and suicidal thoughts are possible with drugs such as Singular, which did have this side effect listed.


June 12, 2009, conclusions:


      Clinical trials: increased risk of insomnia.

    Post-marketing surveillance: possible increase in suicidal behavior and other side effects such as agitation, agression, anxiousness, irritability, dream abnormalities and hallucinations,

depression, irritability, restlessness, and tremors.


                                                                                   LARIAM


. I have come across a medication called LARIAM (Link 14), used to combat malaria. LARIAM has a black-box warning for the possibility of dangerous side effects, including suicidal thought or actions. I have not seen any magazine advertisements for this medication.


From Wikipedia: Neurologic and psychiatric (side effects)

"In 2013 the United States Food and Drug Administration added a black-boxed warning to the U.S. label of mefloquine regarding the potential for neuropsychiatric side effects that may persist even after discontinuing administration of the drug.[19][20] Psychiatric effects include nightmares, visual and auditory hallucinations, anxiety, depression, unusual behavior, and suicidal ideations, among others. Neurologic effects include dizziness, loss of balance, and tinnitus. The label warns that mild symptoms may presage more serious ones, and that the drug should be discontinued at the first sign of symptoms. Mefloquine should not be used in people with a history of psychiatric problems.

Central nervous system events requiring hospitalization occur in about one in 10,000 people taking mefloquine for malaria prevention, with milder events (e.g., dizziness, headache, insomnia, and vivid dreams) in up to 25%.[21] When some measure of subjective severity is applied to the rating of adverse events, about 11-17% of travelers are incapacitated to some degree.[11]"


                                                                                  EFFEXOR


. I have come across a medication called EFFEXOR (Link 15), used to treat depression. EFFEXOR has a black-box warning for the possibility of dangerous side effects, including suicidal thought or actions. I have not seen any magazine advertisements for this medication. The discussion on Wikipedia about the side effects of suicidal thought and occurrences is much larger and detailed than any of the above medications.


From Wikipedia: ​Suicide

"The US Food and Drug Administration body (FDA) requires all antidepressants, including venlafaxine, to carry a black box warning with a generic warning about a possible suicide risk.
A 2014 meta analysis of 21 clinical trials of venlafaxine for the treatment of depression in adults found that compared to placebo, venlafaxine reduced the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior.[24]
A study conducted in Finland followed more than 15,000 patients for 3.4 years. Venlafaxine increased suicide risk by 60% (statistically significant), as compared to no treatment. At the same time, fluoxetine (Prozac) halved the suicide risk.[25]
In another study, the data on more than 200,000 cases were obtained from the UK general practice research database. At baseline, patients prescribed venlafaxine had a greater number of risk factors for suicide (such as prior suicide attempts) than patients treated with other anti-depressants. The patients taking venlafaxine had significantly higher risk of completed suicide than the ones on fluoxetine or citalopram (Celexa). After adjusting for known risk factors, venlafaxine was associated with an increased risk of suicide relative to fluoxetine and dothiepin that was not statistically significant. A statistically significant greater risk for attempted suicide remained after adjustment, but the authors concluded that it could be due to residual confounding.[26]
An analysis of clinical trials by the FDA statisticians showed the incidence of suicidal behaviour among the adults on venlafaxine to be not significantly different from fluoxetine or placebo.[27]
Venlafaxine is contraindicated in children, adolescents and young adults. According to the FDA analysis of clinical trials[27] venlafaxine caused a statistically significant 5-fold increase in suicidal ideation and behaviour in persons younger than 25. In another analysis, venlafaxine was no better than placebo among children (7–11 years old), but improved depression in adolescents (12–17 years old). However, in both groups, hostility and suicidal behaviour increased in comparison to those receiving a placebo.[28] In a study involving antidepressants that had failed to produce results in depressed teenagers, teens whose SSRI treatment had failed who were randomly switched to either another SSRI or to venlafaxine showed an increased rate of suicide on venlafaxine. Among teenagers who were suicidal at the beginning of the study, the rate of suicidal attempts and self-harm was significantly higher, by about 60%, after the switch to venlafaxine than after the switch to an SSRI. [29]"


                                                                       LEXAPRO/CIPRELEX


. I have come across a medication called LEXAPRO (Link 16), mainly used to treat major depressive disorder or generalized anxiety disorder. Wiki mentions common side effects include trouble sleeping, nausea, sexual problems, and feeling tired; serious side effects may include suicide in people under the age of 25.


​WIKI also states that an analysis conducted by the FDA found a statistically insignificant 1.5 to 2.4-fold (depending on the statistical technique used) increase of suicidality among the adults treated with escitalopram for psychiatric indications. The authors of a related study note the general problem with statistical approaches: due to the rarity of suicidal events in clinical trials, it is hard to draw firm conclusions with a sample smaller than two million patients.


​                                                                                 SYMBYAX


. I have come across a medication called SYMBYAX (Link 17), used to treat psychotic illnesses such as bipolar disorder. As with most if not all psych medication, suicidal thoughts and actions can occur. I have not seen any magazine advertisements for this medication.


From Drugs.com:


   Antidepressants may have a role in inducing worsening of depression and the emergence of suicidality in certain patients during the early phases of treatment. An increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents, and young adults (aged 18 to 24 years) with major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders has been reported with short-term use of antidepressant drugs.
   Adult and pediatric patients receiving antidepressants for MDD, as well as for psychiatric and nonpsychiatric indications, have reported symptoms that may be precursors to emerging suicidality, including anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia, hypomania, and mania. Causality has not been established.
   Placebo-controlled clinical trials in elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis showed a significantly increased risk of death in olanzapine-treated patients (3.5%) compared to placebo-treated patients (1.5%).
   Anxiety, restlessness, and suicidal ideation were reported as a treatment-emergent side effect in an 8-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in pediatric bipolar I depression in patients aged 10 to 17 years.[Ref].


                                                                               VIIBRYD

. I have come across a medication called VIIBRYD (Link 18), used to treat depression, and comes with a Black Box warning about suicidal thoughts or behaviors

"Mania/hypomania—a potentially dangerously elated/agitated mood. Every antidepressant has the potential to induce these psychiatric reactions. They are particularly problematic in those with a history of hypomania/mania such as those with bipolar disorder.[10]

Unknown-incidence adverse effects

Suicidal ideation—all antidepressants can cause suicidal ideation especially in young adults and adolescents under the age of 25."


​                                                                         DEPAKOTE


. I have come across a medication called DEPAKOTE (Link 19), used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder, as well as migraines. This medication has a Black Box Warning.


Side effects include an increased risk of suicide, suicidal thoughts or behavior.


From Drugs.com, psychiatric side effects:

Very common (10% or more): Nervousness
Common (1% to 10%): Abnormal dreams, agitation, anxiety, aggression, confusion, depression, emotional lability, hallucinations, insomnia, personality disorder, thinking abnormalities
Rare (less than 0.1%): Abnormal behavior, learning disorder, psychomotor hyperactivity
Frequency not reported: Behavioral deterioration, hostility, psychosis[Ref]

                                                                            ZOLOFT


. I have come across a medication called ZOLOFT (Link 20), which is used to treat depression.  Being an antidepressant, the med has a Black Box Warning, and, suicidal thought or behaviors are possible side effects. From Wiki:


Suicide
"The FDA requires all antidepressants, including sertraline, to carry a boxed warning stating that antidepressants may increase the risk of suicide in persons younger than 25 years. This warning is based on statistical analyses conducted by two independent groups of FDA experts that found a twofold increase of suicidal ideation and behavior in children and adolescents, and a 1.5-fold increase of suicidal behavior in the 18–24 age group.[67][68][69]

   Suicidal ideation and behavior in clinical trials are rare. For the above analysis, the FDA combined the results of 295 trials of 11 antidepressants for psychiatric indications in order to obtain statistically significant results. Considered separately, sertraline use in adults decreased the odds of suicidal behavior with a marginal statistical significance by 37%[69] or 50%[68] depending on the statistical technique used. The authors of the FDA analysis note that "given the large number of comparisons made in this review, chance is a very plausible explanation for this difference".[68] The more complete data submitted later by the sertraline manufacturer Pfizer indicated increased suicidal behavior.[70] Similarly, the analysis conducted by the UK MHRAfound a 50% increase of odds of suicide-related events, not reaching statistical significance, in the patients on sertraline as compared to the ones on placebo.[71][72]
   Concerns have been raised that suicidal acts among participants in multiple studies were not reported in published articles reporting the studies.[73]​"


                                                                           ACCUTANE


. I have come across a medication called ACCUTANE (Link 21), which is used to treat acne. Suicidal thought, behaviors and suicide are possible side effects. From Wiki:


​Psychiatric

Depression
Aggravated depression
Aggressive tendencies
Anxiety
Mood alterations

Abnormal behaviour
Psychotic disorder
Suicidal ideation
Suicide attempt
Suicide


Also:


Psychological effects

Rare psychological side effects may include depression, worsening of pre-existing depression, aggressive tendencies, irritable mood and anxiety. Very rare effects include abnormal behaviour, psychosis, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and suicide.[4][34][35][36] In a total of 5577 adverse reactions reported to the UK's MHRA up to 31 March 2017, the plurality (1207, or 22%) concerned psychiatric effects.[37] There were 85 reports of suicidal ideation, 56 of completed suicide and 43 of suicide attempts.[37]

The association between isotretinoin use and psychopathology has been controversial. Beginning in 1983, isolated case reports emerged suggesting mood change, particularly depression, occurring during or soon after isotretinoin use.[38] A number of studies have been conducted since then of the drug's effect on depression, psychosis, suicidal thoughts and other psychological effects.[38]

Depression and suicidality

Isotretinoin is the only non-psychiatric drug on the FDA's top 10 list of drugs associated with depression[35][39] and is also within the top 10 for suicide attempts.[40] A black box warning for suicide, depression and psychosis has been present on isotretinoin's packaging in the United States since 2005.[39]

In 2012, a systematic review covering all articles in the literature related to isotretinoin, depression and suicide, as well as articles related to class effect, dose response, and biologic plausibility found that the literature reviewed was consistent with an association of isotretinoin administration and depression and with suicide in a subgroup of vulnerable individuals.[34] Following this systematic review, in a 2014 review a group of Australian dermatologists and psychiatrists collaborated on a set of recommendations for safe prescribing of isotretinoin.[41] However, whether isotretinoin use is causally associated with mental illness remains controversial.[41]

Evidence for depression being causally associated with isotretinoin use includes 41 reports of positive challenge, dechallenge, rechallenge with isotretinoin, involving administering isotretinoin, withdrawing the drug and then re-administering it.[34] The majority of these cases had no psychiatric history.[34] There is also a temporal relationship between development of depression and initiation of isotretinoin treatment, with most cases developing after 1–2 months of treatment.[34] Further, higher doses of isotretinoin increases the risk of developing depression, with 25% of people showing depression on a dose of 3 mg/kg/day as compared with 3–4% at normal doses.[34] Studies have uncovered several biological processes which may credibly explain the affective changes induced by isotretinoin.

Psychosis

Isotretinoin has also been linked to psychosis.[21] Many of the side effects of isotretinoin mimic hypervitaminosis A, which has been associated with psychotic symptoms.[34] The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia and psychosis suggests that an increase in dopaminergic stimulation or sensitivity in the limbic system causes psychotic symptoms.[42]

It has been suggested that dysregulation of retinoid receptors by retinoids such as isotretinoin may cause schizophrenia.[43][44] The evidence for this is threefold - Transcriptional activation of the dopamine D2 receptor, in addition to serotonin and glutamate receptors, is regulated by retinoic acid,[43]schizophrenia and the retinoid cascade have been linked to the same gene loci[43] and retinoid dysfunction causes congenital anomalies identical to those observed in people with schizophrenia.[43] Further, the expression of dopamine receptors has indeed been shown to be regulated by retinoic acid.[45][46]


                                                                                             PRISTIQ                                                       


.I have come across a medication called PRISTIQ (Link 22), used for the treatment of depression. This medication has a Black Box Warning. The following Pfizer discussion was obtained from a magazine advertisement.


                                         IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ABOUT PRISTIQ


                                                      Suicidality and Antidepressant Drugs

 

Antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, teens, and young adults. Depression and certain other psychiatric disorders are themselves associated with increases in the risk of suicide. Patients of all ages who are started on antidepressant therapy or when the dose is changed should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, or unusual changes in behavior such as becoming agitated, irritable, hostile, aggressive, impulsive or restless. Should these occur, report them to a doctor right away. Pristiq is not approved for use in children under 18.


Pristiq may cause or worsen some conditions, including depression, suicidal thoughts or behavior, mania, bipolar disorder, or seizures or convulsions.


WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT INFORMATION I SHOULD KNOW ABOUT ANTIDEPRESSANT MEDICINES, DEPRESSION AND OTHER SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESSES, AND SUICIDAL THOUGHTS OR ACTIONS?


1. ANTIDEPRESSANT MEDICINES MAY INCREASE SUICIDAL THOUGHTS OR ACTIONS IN SOME CHILDREN, TEENAGERS, AND YOUNG ADULTS WITHIN THE FIRST FEW MONTHS OF TREATMENT.

2. DEPRESSION AND OTHER SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESSES ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT CAUSES OF SUICIDAL THOUGHTS AND ACTIONS. SOME PEOPLE MAY HAVE A PARTICULARLY HIGH RISK OF HAVING SUICIDAL THOUGHTS OR ACTIONS. These include people who have (or have a family history of) bipolar illness (also called manic-depressive illness) or suicidal thoughts or actions.

3. HOW CAN I WATCH FOR AND TRY TO PREVENT SUICIDAL THOUGHTS OR ACTIONS?

. Pay close attention to any changes, especially sudden changes, in mood, behaviors, thoughts or feelings. This is very important when an antidepressant medicine is started or when the dose is changed.

. Call the healthcare provider right away to report new or sudden changes in mood, behavior, thoughts or feeling.

​. Keep all follow-up visits with the health care provider as scheduled, especially if you have concerns about symptoms.


CALL A HEALTHCARE PROVIDER RIGHT AWAY IF YOU HAVE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:


. Thoughts about suicide or dying

. Attempts to commit suicide

. New or worse depression

. Acting aggressive, being angry or violent

. New or worse anxiety

. Acting on dangerous impulse

. Feeling very agitated or restless

. Panic attacks

. Other unusual changes in behavior or mood

. New or worse irritability


                                                                                STRATTERA


.I have come across a medication called STRATTERA (Link 23), prescribed for those with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder [ADHD]. A Black Box Warning has been issued for this drug. From MedLibrary.org:


Strattera
Eli Lilly and Company, 6 March 2018

STRATTERA- atomoxetine hydrochloride capsule
STRATTERA- atomoxetine hydrochloride

WARNING: SUICIDAL IDEATION IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

STRATTERA (atomoxetine) increased the risk of suicidal ideation in short-term studies in children or adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Anyone considering the use of STRATTERA in a child or adolescent must balance this risk with the clinical need. Co-morbidities occurring with ADHD may be associated with an increase in the risk of suicidal ideation and/or behavior. Patients who are started on therapy should be monitored closely for suicidality (suicidal thinking and behavior), clinical worsening, or unusual changes in behavior. Families and caregivers should be advised of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber. STRATTERA is approved for ADHD in pediatric and adult patients. STRATTERA is not approved for major depressive disorder. 

Pooled analyses of short-term (6 to 18 weeks) placebo-controlled trials of STRATTERA in children and adolescents (a total of 12 trials involving over 2200 patients, including 11 trials in ADHD and 1 trial in enuresis) have revealed a greater risk of suicidal ideation early during treatment in those receiving STRATTERA compared to placebo. The average risk of suicidal ideation in patients receiving STRATTERA was 0.4% (5/1357 patients), compared to none in placebo-treated patients (851 patients). No suicides occurred in these trials [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].


5.1 Suicidal Ideation

STRATTERA increased the risk of suicidal ideation in short-term studies in children and adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Pooled analyses of short-term (6 to 18 weeks) placebo-controlled trials of STRATTERA in children and adolescents have revealed a greater risk of suicidal ideation early during treatment in those receiving STRATTERA. There were a total of 12 trials (11 in ADHD and 1 in enuresis) involving over 2200 patients (including 1357 patients receiving STRATTERA and 851 receiving placebo). The average risk of suicidal ideation in patients receiving STRATTERA was 0.4% (5/1357 patients), compared to none in placebo-treated patients. There was 1 suicide attempt among these approximately 2200 patients, occurring in a patient treated with STRATTERA. No suicides occurred in these trials. All reactions occurred in children 12 years of age or younger. All reactions occurred during the first month of treatment. It is unknown whether the risk of suicidal ideation in pediatric patients extends to longer-term use. A similar analysis in adult patients treated with STRATTERA for either ADHD or major depressive disorder (MDD) did not reveal an increased risk of suicidal ideation or behavior in association with the use of STRATTERA. 

All pediatric patients being treated with STRATTERA should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, and unusual changes in behavior, especially during the initial few months of a course of drug therapy, or at times of dose changes, either increases or decreases.

The following symptoms have been reported with STRATTERA: anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia (psychomotor restlessness), hypomania and mania. Although a causal link between the emergence of such symptoms and the emergence of suicidal impulses has not been established, there is a concern that such symptoms may represent precursors to emerging suicidality. Thus, patients being treated with STRATTERA should be observed for the emergence of such symptoms.

Consideration should be given to changing the therapeutic regimen, including possibly discontinuing the medication, in patients who are experiencing emergent suicidality or symptoms that might be precursors to emerging suicidality, especially if these symptoms are severe or abrupt in onset, or were not part of the patient’s presenting symptoms.

Families and caregivers of pediatric patients being treated with STRATTERA should be alerted about the need to monitor patients for the emergence of agitation, irritability, unusual changes in behavior, and the other symptoms described above, as well as the emergence of suicidality, and to report such symptoms immediately to healthcare providers. Such monitoring should include daily observation by families and caregivers.


                                                                                         RISPERDAL


​.I have come across a medication called RISPERDAL (link 24), used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and autism irritability. Serious side effects include an increased risk of suicide. Since it takes pages to list possible side effects of this medication, readers are urged to follow the below provided drugs.com link.


                                                                                          Links


(1) http://zerosuicide.sprc.org/

(2) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pregabalin

​(3) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brexpiprazole

(4) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lurasidone

(5) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apremilast

(6) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varenicline

(7) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vortioxetine

(8) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bupropion/naltrexone

(9) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paroxetine

       https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Study_329

(10) https://www.drugs.com/sfx/prozac-side-effects.html

       https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluoxetine

(11) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citalopram

(12) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suvorexant

 (13) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montelukast

(14) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mefloquine

(15) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venlafaxine

(16) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escitalopram

(17) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olanzapine/fluoxetine

         https://www.drugs.com/sfx/symbyax-side-effects.html 

(18) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vilazodone

          http://depression.emedtv.com/viibryd/viibryd-and-suicide.html    

(19) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valproate

(20) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sertraline

(21) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotretinoin

(22) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desvenlafaxine

(23) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomoxetine

(24) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Risperidone

          https://www.drugs.com/sfx/risperdal-side-effects.html



Key Words: suicide, suicide ideation, suicidal, suicide by shooting, suicide by hanging, suicide
by drowning, suicide by jumping, suicide by cutting, suicide by stabbing, suicide by airplane, suicide by automobile, suicide by train, suicide by burning, suicide by illuminating gas, suicide by sleeping pills, suicide by drugs, suicide by poison, suicide by arsenic, suicide by carbolic acid, suicide by chloroform, suicide by laudanum, suicide by morphine, suicide by opium, suicide by strychnine, suicide by Paris Green, suicide by London Purple; alcoholic, alcoholism, intemperance, intoxication, drunk, DT, temporary insanity, dementia, depression, despondent, melancholy, psychiatrist, psychologist, psychology; possible suicide, probable suicide, accidental suicide.

Medications: Accutane, Belsomra, Celexa, Chantrix, Ciprelex aka Lexapro, Contrave, Effexor, Lariam, Latuda, Lexapro aka Ciprelex, Lyrica, Otezla, Paxil, Pristiq, Prozac, Rexulti, Risperdal, Singular, Strattera, Symbyax, Tritellix, Viibryd, Zoloft. 


.Clemson University research on suicide prevention, headed by Professors Heidi Zinzow and Marie Thompson. Excellent Newsstand article on suicide, research problems, and more, supplemented with a You Tube video starring the student suicide prevention team. [Clemson University, Clemson, SC]


[ http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/suicide-research-focuses-on-prevention/ ]


                                      DNA CONNECTION TO SUICIDE?


   In the latest issue of the most excellent magazine ESPERANZA (1), Neurobiologist Victoria Arango, Ph.D., discussing her findings on a "suicidal gene" writes "In suicide studies it is usual to ignore biology, but we need to make biology a part of it. It's the same as having a history of cardiovascular disease." There are many articles available on the Internet for readers to become familiar with Victoria Arango and the suicidal gene studies. One article I came across has excellent discussions on various aspects of suicide, including many links to professional sites with many different aspects of the suicide problem. Although a few of the links do not work, most do, and it is very worth while to review this source (2). Beside the mentioned possible dna/suicide connection, the subject of dna brings in my connection with dna in a genealogical context.


(1) ESPERANZA: Fall 2017, Volume 10, Issue 1 - www.hopetocope.com

                                            hope to cope with anxiety and depression

                                   Moods, Morale & Mental Health - The Talk, p 41  

(2) http://www.wbur.org/commonhealth/2015/03/20/suicide-brain-research


                                        MY DNA AND GENEALOGY 


   The above mentioned possible "suicidal gene" begs the personal question, do I have this gene? There is a test one can take with at least one of the popular dna testing companies that can indicate a percentage, a chance, of perhaps getting a particular disease such as cancer. The best example of this would be the beautiful actress Angelina Jolie, having what is called the breast cancer gene, as well as some family members having had breast cancer, deciding to have a preventive double mastectomy. What could you possibly do if you discovered you had a suicide gene? However, the developing field of dna has already been very useful to the general public as to whom they are and where their ancestors came from, using the Out of Africa Theory.

   I had both my paternal (YDNA) and maternal, or, mitochondrial (mtDNA) dna analyzed. Males can have both analyzed, but females can only have maternal dna analyzed. My YDNA results showed no surprises from what I thought, that I progressed back to the original Walter Woodworth of 1600's Scituate, Massachusetts Bay Colony, with one mutation from then to now. I also matched other Woodworths in my particular line, having the same one mutation. Excited with this result, and knowing I could do mtDNA, I submitted my sample for this test. When doing dna testing, a person must realize that the results could give you a surprise, good or bad. I got my surprise with this one! My female line from my Lithuanian grandmother would suggest a northeastern European result. Not so. My mtDNA is Asian, more specifically Siberian! My ladies left Africa, traveled across southern Asia, then up into eastern Asia. Evidently, one lady made it over, or was taken over to, Lithuania. Knowing now that I am a Caucasian-Asian. I decided to have my mtDNA analyzed as deep as companies test now, and this is also the test that presents percent possibilities for getting various diseases. I myself will not be investigating these percent possibilities. (See Genealogy section for more information on my Lithuanian-Siberian connection).

   This surprising Asian connection became even more important when I reviewed the description of pills I was on, and noticed that a few of them had the comment "Tell your doctor if you are Chinese." At first this appeared to be a little strange, wouldn't a doctor be able to easily notice that rather quickly? Now, however, I have an mtDNA that is Asian! I called the company that made these particular medications about this. They informed me that it is possible their medicine could remain in me twice as long. The company said to inform all my doctors that my mitochondrial dna is Asian. One doctor knew what I was talking about, and he said he knew of tribes in northern Africa that their medication can stay in their bodies 9 times longer than in a typical Caucasian. Perhaps when a non-Asian is supposed to take a medication 4 times a day, this might be too much for an Asian, hence the above comment. Now this dose might be a little too much for the half-Asian like me to take! 

   

                                        OTHER PUBLICATIONS


                                                           ...TSUNAMI RESEARCH...


   Forecasters working at a National Weather Service Forecast Office usually end up with an extra duty they will specialize in, the position being called a Focal Point. A letter received at the Mt Holly Forecast Office, where I worked, wanted to know about tsunami, questions ranging from can we stop them, to can they happen here along the East Coast of the USA, very important questions indeed. Can tsunami occur at the Jersey Shore as well as the New York and Delaware beaches? One focal point position Mt Holly did not have at this time was that of a Tsunami Focal Point. I took it upon myself to push for the position, and did obtain it toward the end of the 1990's. Now it was time for some forensic meteorology, can I find the answers to these important questions! By the time I retired in January, 2006, I had put an extensive discussion on the Mt Holly Forecast Office website under Tsunami Research Projects. The research remains on the web page, but after 10+ years, many links do not work anymore. However, my research remains just as relevant now as 10 years ago, and the East Coast has has a severe reminder of what the ocean can do when it decides to come ashore, in the form of 2012's Super Storm Sandy. If Mid-Atlantic shore dwellers never heard of these events, it is time they put them deep into their memory. Coastal First Responders should push to have these events at the minimum mentioned in their response and rescue manuals as to what can...and did...happen in their areas of responsibility.

   I will discuss briefly here the various sections and events about what I discovered and put on the Mt Holly website. Log onto the web page for detailed information. Some of the events I uncovered still scare me when I read them, and I wrote them!! Interestingly, after the very first section was put online, 5 days later, one of the Philadelphia news stations on their News At Noon broadcast led with "Tsunami...Can It Happen Here!" We called the station to inform them that many of the questions they asked were answered on the Mt Holly website, and I had very good conversations with the reporter doing that story! 


National Weather Service Mt Holly, NJ, Forecast Office Tsunami Research Project Website:


                                                          https://www.weather.gov/phi/tsunami


  Questions asked by our inquisitive teenager:


Why do tsunami occur? Where do they occur? Where do the most frequent tsunami occur?

Why can't we stop tsunami from happening?

Does the jet stream have any effect on tsunami?

Does the rotation of the earth have any effect on tsunami?

Does the position of the moon have any effect on tsunami?

What are some of the most famous and fatal/dangerous tsunami in history?

Why haven't tsunami ever hit the East Coast of the USA?


The first section of the Tsunami Research Project answers many of these questions, with some of the answers being eye-opening! Have they hit the East Coast - you bet! People are familiar with the asteroid strike 65 million years ago that raised world-wide havoc. Not many people are familiar with the more recent asteroid strikes, about 25 million years ago, in the Toms Canyon off New Jersey, and the large asteroid strike at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. The 1755 Lisbon, Portugal, massive earthquake and resultant deadly tsunami began the scientific study of earthquakes. The 1929 Grand Banks, Newfoundland, Canada, earthquake and resultant deadly tsunami showed that the North American Eastern Seaboard was indeed vulnerable. Other known tsunami around the world in history are given mention in this section, for example Crete (Mediterranean Sea), 1500 BC, death toll 100,000, India (Indian Ocean), 1737 AD, death toll 300,000, but not really known. The 1883 Krakatoa volcano explosion effects were world-wide, including NJ, with a tsunami death toll near 36,500. These events, and others, were so far back in time, couldn't happen again, right? Then December, 2004, came, along with the massive Indonesian earthquake sending out a tsunami around the globe, but with the largest waves and terrible death toll of over 200,000 people concentrated in countries bordering the Indian Ocean. Modern technology has given us TV we-are-there, first-hand looks at the ocean coming onto land, and some of the terrible things tsunami can do.

   It didn't take long for my forensic investigation to uncover events which could possibly be tsunamic in origin, or at least producing tsunamic results. I would copy any newspaper articles and sent them to the tsunami experts at the NGDC in Boulder, Colorado, for their analysis.


   The second section added to the website was an Update on September, 2000. The investigation was uncovering some terrible events associated with hurricanes. The 1938 and 1944 hurricanes  shared a similarity in that they sent into land an attack of 3 waves, the tallest 50 feet tall, crossing the barrier islands then Barnegat Bay, crashing onto the western shore of the Bay, then retreating back into the ocean. I have eyewitness accounts, mailed to me in response to my asking for any reports people might have experienced. I have detailed damage reports. Pictures from other sources show the extensive damage from hurricanes that remained at sea! The 1821 hurricane is discussed, with an eyewitness report of the wave that over-washed low-lying areas of the Delmarva peninsula.


The next Update, February, 2001, discusses some of the earthquake-induced events from Long Island, NY to the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, region.


The next Update, October, 2001, discusses a remarkable wave event with Hurricane Camille, then discussions on threats to the Mid Atlantic region from earthquakes and volcanoes. A shore resident also tells of an ocean recession along the Jersey Shore.


The next Update, August, 2003, starts with the NGDC tsunami expert's decisions on my research that I had submitted to them for analysis. Of the material I had submitted, 2 events were determined to be tsunami, the first official tsunami in our region!! The first event was generated by the Aug 10, 1884, earthquake, caused by a fault in the New York harbor region. The second event was generated by the September 1, 1895, earthquake, and affected (at least) the western Long Island region. These two events received a V4 rating, "A tsunami did occur, information is considered reliable." [Tsunami are ranked from V0, did not occur, then V1, V2, V3, each more reliable, but more proof needed, to the V4 did occur rating). This Special Tsunami Data Issue is available online:


                                              http://library.lanl.gov/tsunami/ts203.pdf


   The second Update section contains what I call Tsunamic Hurricanes. These particular storms appear to generate an "event within an event," great, damaging waves that occur in association with a non-land-falling hurricane, or waves suddenly occurring either as the storm is approaching, or has already moved away. I include a list of some historic hurricanes with waves that could possibly have generated such waves, more research needed. Some have death tolls that match past great tsunami.


   Following sections discuss what is called a tele-tsunami, a long-traveling, ocean-crossing category of tsunami. Travel time maps have been developed to estimate the time in would take, for example, a generated tsunami occurring in the eastern Atlantic Ocean to impact the land masses along the western Atlantic Ocean. I discuss 2 events along the Jersey Shore that seem to fit this type of tsunami, the Azores Great Quake of May 26, 1975, and Aug 27, 1883, Krakatoa. Good forensic meteorology!


Ending this Update is a discussion of Atmospheric tsunami, tsunami caused by gravity waves, then a mention of some ships sunk by what was once not believed...Rogue Waves.


Just because I am retired from NWS doesn't mean my tsunami research has ended. I have begun using the newly online Elizabeth (NJ) Daily Journal (EDJ), beginning in 1872, for suicide research. This is the newspaper I used for my published book on Civil War Veterans, so using the EDJ again is like finding a long-lost friend! I still keep my eyes open for any event that might possibly be tsunami, and one such event was revealed immediately in 1872:


Oswego, NY, witnessed a remarkable phenomenon on Thursday. At 2 pm, the water in the lake and river rose 2 feet, remaining at that elevation 64 minutes. From that time until 7 pm the water alternately rose and fell. A submarine earthquake is expected (sic-suspected). (1)


​The History of Oswego confirms this event.


(1) EDJ, Saturday, June 15, 1872.


                                              SOME SOCIETY MEMBERSHIPS


Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture, Chicago, IL


Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) Groups, Mayflower Group, Polish-Lithuanian Group, Woodworth Group.


Mayflower Society, National (Plymouth, MA), and New Jersey Colonies


New England Historical and Genealogical Society (NEHGS), Boston, MA


                                                  PRESENTATIONS


1. 2004-05: Interviewed via phone at home by various news media nation-wide about the December, 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami. I was on extended sick leave, so the Mt Holly National Weather Service Forecast Office (NWSFO) and NWS Headquarters arranged this media contact system, since I was the Tsunami Focal Point.


2. 2005: Saturday, August 27, The Bay Head (NJ) Environmental Commission Presents: Timely Topics, Summer, 2005; "Tsunami-Can it Happen Here?" Presented by Meteorologist Harold (sic) Woodworth of the National Weather Service-Mt Holly.


3. 2015: Talk on Mid Atlantic tsunami to the Willingboro, NJ, National Active and Retired Federal Employees (NARFE).


4. 2015: dna talk given to the Burlington County (NJ) Genealogical Society.

5. 2015: dna talk given to the Willingboro, NJ, NARFE.

6. 2016: dna talk given to the Cherry Hill, NJ, NARFE.


7. 2016: Talk on Mid Atlantic tsunami to the Cherry Hill, NJ, NARFE.


8. 2018, February 19: Suicide Prevention talk at the Washington Adventist University Psychology and Counseling  Departmental, Takoma Park, MD. Professor/Chair Grant Leitma and colleagues were exceptionally gracious, and the students/future teachers became quite comfortable with the subject and asked some tough questions. 


9. 2018, March 9: Power Point presentation on tsunami to the geology course of the LIFE program at Rowan College at Burlington County, Mt Laurel, NJ


                          NEWS LETTER AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES


   1992: GENEALOGIJA: The Lithuanian-American Immigration History & Genealogy Publication; Vol. III, No. 3, P 9, Autumn 1992, Archivist-at-Large Serve IHG Department Well. I and 2 others were made the IHG Department's very first "Archivist-at-Large."


   1992: Nov 26: I was featured in a Newark, NJ, newspaper about genealogy.


   1992: GENEALOGIJA: Vol. II (sic?), No. 4, p 7, Winter 1992, Readers Forum. Genealogija printed my letter of thanks for becoming an Archivist-at-Large.


   1993: GENEALOGIJA: Vol. 4, No. 3, p 6, Autumn, 1993. Genealogija printed a brief biography of me (with picture!).


   1995: Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture Quarterly, Spring issue, Lithuanians in New Jersey, wrote article, per request, suggestions about what a person can do if they want to do volunteer work for the Balzekas. 


   2000: Maternal great-grandparents and other family members mentions in a book published by Jessie Ecker Daraska, Department of Immigration History, Director of the Lithuanian  Pioneer Project, Balzekas Museum of Lithuanian Culture: THE LITHUANIAN PIONEERS-A Study of Lithuanian Immigration to the United States Before World War I [Index: Woodworth, pp 11 (2), 14, 54]


   2000: Sunday, June 25, article in Asbury Park Press by Staff Writer Kirk Moore based on Mt Holly NWSFO Tsunami Research web site, "On The Same Wave-Length: Experts Say Tsunami Hit Shore," mentioned "Harry G. Woodworth of the station's staff has compiled a first-ever review of possible tsunamis and extreme waves that hit New Jersey." [Kirk Moore in a phone conversation said he (and I!) could never understand the extreme damage done to coastal Asbury Park by a hurricane that remained offshore, until he read the information provided on my tsunami web site.]


   2001: Sunday, July 15, article in Asbury Park Press by Staff Writer Kirk Moore based on updated Mt Holly NWSFO Tsunami Research web site, "Weather Researcher Documents Extreme 'Hurricane Waves' From 1938, '44 Tempests."


   2005: Saturday, August 27, article in Point Pleasant Reporter and Ocean County Observer about information presented on the Mt Holly NWSFO Tsunami Research web site.


   2015: Wednesday, November 20: Interviewed at home by the Burlington County (NJ) Times by reporter Crissa Shoemaker Debree for her article titled "To The Heavens: Region Looked to Space After Historic JFK Speech." The interview was about where I, and others, were and how we felt about major milestones of the USA space program, beginning with the JFK announcement, occurred.

VITAL STATISTICS OF BRIDGEWATER, MASSACHUSETTS, 1855 TO 1898:

Births, Marriages, Deaths, Extracted from Bridgewater Annual Reports

WILLOW BEND BOOKS, AN IMPRINT OF HERITAGE BOOKS, INC., Published 2005 by HERITAGE BOOKS, INC, publishing division, 65 East Main Street, Westminster, Maryland 21157-5026

Copyright 2004

www HeritageBooks,com

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) 0-7884-2540-4

Published Books

Why Suicide?COMPENDIUM OF UNITED STATES SUICIDES FROM COLONIAL TIMES TO 1940 Supplemented With Genealogical Information

by Harry George Woodworth (Author)

Harry George Woodworth

Author/Genealogist

Email: gfmray at aol dot com (spam protection format)

​ 



































HOMETOWN: Willingboro, New Jersey
EMAI

CIVIL WAR VETERANS IN THE 20TH CENTURY: EXTRACTED FROM THE ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAL, ELIZABETH, NEW JERSEY

Published 2003 by HERITAGE BOOKS, INC, 1540E Pointer Ridge Place, Bowie, Maryland 20716

1-800-398-7709

Copyright 2003

www.HeritageBooks.com

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) 0-7884-1894-7

VITAL STATISTICS OF EASTON, MASSACHUSETTS, 1864 TO 1910: Births, Marriages, Deaths​, Extracted from Easton Annual Reports.

WILLOW BEND BOOKS, AN IMPRINT OF HERITAGE BOOKS, INC., Published 2004 by HERITAGE BOOKS, INC., publishing division, 65 East Main Street, Westminster, Maryland 21157-5026

Copyright 2004 

www.HeritageBooks.com

International Standard Book Number (ISBN) 1-58549-961-7

Why Suicide 

(VOLUME 2)

COMPENDIUM OF UNITED STATES SUICIDES FROM COLONIAL TIMES TO 1940